Hip fracture is almost always treated by surgery. Only in rare cases, are other methods such as traction used.
Femoral Neck Fracture, Intertrochanteric Region Fracture and Asubtrochanteric Fracture are the major kinds of hip fractures.
Femoral Neck Fracture
Femoral neck is a part of the hip joint located just below the head or ball of the ball-and-socket joint. A fracture here could not only cause pain and seriously affect movement, but also sometimes prevent blood from flowing to the broken portion of the bone. Hemiarthroplasty or partial hip replacement is carried out to repair the femoral neck and the ball with a prosthesis made of metal. The procedure involves creating an incision, removing the head and damaged bone from the socket of the hip and clearing out the cartilage, and placing the metal prosthesis that consists of the ball and stem. The incision is then closed after the tendons and muscles are positioned precisely around the prosthesis.
Total hip replacement is performed if there is greater damage to the joint from a previous injury or an arthritic condition. However this requires the individual to be physiologically in good shape.
Intertrochanteric Region Fracture
In Intertrochanteric Region Fracture, the thigh bone pushes out right under the femoral neck with the fracture running between the trochanters. This requires inserting a hip nail, which is basically a screw, along the break and to the femoral head. The nail is held by a metal plate which is connected to the outside of the thigh through smaller screws. This treatment compresses the bones, healing them and making them grow together.
Subtrochanteric fractures are quite rare and occur in the femur or thigh bone. Surgery involves inserting a plate and screw but it takes longer to recover.
Influence of a Pain Management and Rehabilitation Center
Following the stay at the hospital it is natural to stay at or visit a pain management and rehabilitation center to ensure there are no problems during the recovery and also to gradually increase movement through physical therapy using innovative techniques and state-of-the-art technology. This is an important phase of the hip fracture recovery process. A state-of-the-art rehabilitation and pain management center offers comprehensive rehabilitation services and makes recovering faster and more pleasant.