Arthritis affects the joints and the surrounding tissues. There are many different types of arthritis, all of which can restrict mobility, impair function and affect quality of life. The signs and symptoms associated with this condition may vary from one person to another. In most cases, this disease is characterized by pain, stiffness, swelling, and inflammation of joints. Body weight can affect the amount of pain experienced. Extra weight can put extra pressure on the joints (particularly the knees, hip and feet), thereby worsening pain and other symptoms. Regular exercise enhances joint mobility and strength and helps reduce many of the symptoms of arthritis and other rheumatic diseases (AORD).
Why Exercise is Vital
Generally, people with AORD tend to avoid physical activity when they experience pain. Even though that strategy makes sense, it may cause more harm than help. Lack of physical activity can make your joints even more painful and stiff. Hence, keeping the muscles and surrounding tissue strong with physical activity is essential to maintain support for the bones.
People with musculoskeletal diseases should adopt a balanced, regular exercise regimen. This will increase strength and flexibility, reduce joint pain, and help combat fatigue. In fact, low impact workouts are best for this condition as they minimize stress on the joint even as they increase flexibility and strength. Low impact exercises can have many benefits for people with arthritis
- Strengthen the muscles around the joints
- Reduce joint deformity and improve posture
- Maintain bone strength
- Improve joint mobility and flexibility
- Help in weight loss
- Improve pain management
Exercises for Arthritic Conditions
There are different types of physical therapy exercises for arthritis pain management. Multispecialty healthcare center offer the services of experienced physical therapists who develop customized workout programs to suit the needs of each patient. These would include
- Range of motion exercises – These workouts alleviate stiffness and enhance your ability to move your joints through their full range of motion. Range-of-motion exercise involves moving joints through normal range such as rising arms over the head or moving shoulders forward and backward. These can be done at any time gently (even when your joints are painful or swollen).
- Strengthening exercises – These help people build muscle strength, which in turn, supports the joints. This may include weight training, sit ups, crunches, leg raises and hyper-extensions.
- Aerobic exercises – Aerobic or endurance workouts help to increase overall fitness. They can help improve cardiovascular strength, control or maintain body weight and providing more stamina. Examples of aerobic workouts include walking, swimming, running and bicycling.