Post-concussion syndrome (PCS) is a complex disorder that refers to a cluster of physical and cognitive symptoms that appear after concussion or a traumatic brain injury. Also known as post-concussive syndrome, this condition persists for a period of time after a head injury has occurred. The period of time can range from weeks to months. Effective treatment for this condition is available in pain management centers in Brooklyn, NYC.
Generally, post-concussion syndrome occurs following an injury or trauma to the head. However, not all people who suffer injuries to the head may experience this syndrome. PCS may get worse among people who had previous head trauma. In addition, it may be more severe among those who have early symptoms of headache after injury or have mental changes such as fatigue, amnesia or fogginess.
Symptoms of PCS
Symptoms, in most cases normally occur within the first 7-10 days and lessen within three months after the motor vehicle/personal injury that caused the concussion. But, in some cases these symptoms can persist for a year or more. Some of the physical, emotional and cognitive symptoms of PCS include –
- Loss of concentration and memory
- Ringing in the ears
- Blurry vision
- Noise and light sensitivity
- Reduced sense of taste and smell
Diagnosis and Treatment of PCS
There is no single test that will prove that you have post-concussion syndrome. However, diagnosis of this condition in reliable healthcare centers involves a detailed physical and neurological exam. Several diagnostic imaging tests such as CT scan, and brain MRI scan may be performed to detect structural brain abnormalities. The treatment modalities include –
- Physical therapy – A physical therapy program that integrates gentle strengthening, stretching, and aerobic exercises is an important component of the treatment plan.
- Chiropractic care – Chiropractic treatment modality promotes the body’s natural potential to heal by itself. Chiropractors not only diagnose and evaluate the condition, but also look for its root cause and devise a treatment plan on that basis. The treatment plans include – spinal manipulation, TENS, Ice/Cold therapy and ultrasound.
- Medications – Physicians may prescribe pain medications for those with headache. Medications to help with nausea symptoms and antidepressants may also be recommended to control the symptoms of depression.
- Radiofrequency radio ablation – An electrical current produced by a radio wave is used to reduce or stop the transmission of pain.
How to Prevent Post-concussion Syndrome?
Avoiding head injury is simply the best way to prevent post-concussion syndrome. Although you can’t prepare for every potential situation, here are some ways to help prevent head injuries –
- Wear your seatbelt while driving a car.
- Always wear a helmet when riding a bike, playing impact sports, or riding a horse.
- Take necessary action at home to prevent falls such as removing small area rugs, installing handrails and improving lighting.
- Wear a hard hat for certain jobs in the workplace and at home.