The nervous system is susceptible to diverse kinds of disorders and diseases, many of which are disabling and deteriorative in nature. Rehabilitation services help greatly in managing these disorders. Conditions that can benefit include carpal tunnel syndrome, tumors of the brain or spinal cord, encephalitis, meningitis and other infections, multiple sclerosis, peripheral neuropathy, myasthenia gravis, Guillain-Barre’ Syndrome, muscular dystrophy, seizure disorders, neuralgia, headache, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s chorea, stroke, sciatica and cerebral palsy.
The Goals of Neurological Rehabilitation Services
Neurological rehabilitation programs are performed on an outpatient or inpatient basis. Goals include:
- Pain management
- Reducing disability and enhancing independence
- Helping the patient develop new skills and strategies for optimum activity
- Overcoming cognitive impairments such as poor judgement or memory and inability to pay attention or concentrate
- Preventing spasticity or muscle weakness
- Increasing range of motion, mobility and functioning
- Improving in social, physical and emotional quality of the patient’s life
The Role of Physical Therapy
Physical therapy rehabilitation is an important part of neurological rehabilitation. It restores the patient’s capability and function, improves his strength, gait and balance, and also helps him manage his condition as well as any possible offshoots of medication. In addition to encouraging the patient to practice physical therapy exercises, the physical therapist may use equipment such as hot or cold treatments or a TENS unit to manage inflexibility or pain. Apart from physical therapy, the specialized services of a neurologist, dietician, occupational therapist or psychiatrist are also useful in the rehabilitation of neurologically weak patients.
If you have a dear one or friend suffering from a neurological disorder, encourage him to seek rehabilitation treatment services at the earliest.