Arthritis is a condition that primarily affects the musculoskeletal system, specifically the joints. It is characterized by inflammation of the joints, which is often accompanied by chronic pain, swelling, stiffness and restriction of movement. There are different types of arthritis like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, all of which can cause pain.
Body weight can make a huge impact on the amount of pain experienced by individuals suffering from this degenerative disease. Extra weight puts more pressure on the joints (particularly the knees, hip and feet) thereby increasing pain. Hence, losing weight will enhance mobility thereby preventing further damage to your joints. Reliable multi-specialty healthcare centers offer effective and safe weight loss programs that would help individuals to reduce their excess body weight.
There are different types of treatment approaches for this condition. The type of treatment modality will depend on the intensity of pain and severity of symptoms. Below mentioned are some of the non-surgical options for arthritis pain management:
Exercise is a key component that helps to keep joint pain at bay. A healthy diet combined with regular exercise helps to improve joint flexibility and reduce stiffness. These may also speed up the healing of damaged tendons and strengthen them to prevent future damage. Weight bearing exercises can create stress on the joints that can be damaging and hence may be avoided. Physical therapy exercise programs include general strengthening, stretching and aerobic exercises that help to improve normal function and movement of joints.
Regular massaging of arthritic joints can help lower pain and muscle stiffness. It also helps to improve blood circulation thereby improving your range of motion.
Ice and Heat Application
This treatment modality aims to provide short term relief to joint pain and muscle stiffness. Ice pack reduces joint inflammation whereas heat application provides muscle relaxation.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
This approach utilizes low-voltage electric stimulation that interacts with the sensory nervous system to reduce muscle stiffness and pain.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium reduce inflammation and prevent further damage of joints.