Sports and exercise play an important role in improving health and well-being. These activities help improve muscle tone and energy levels, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases. Sports-related injuries are common among adults, teenagers and children participating in organized sports, competitions, training exercises, or fitness activities.
According to reports from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 2.6 million children below the age of 19 are treated in emergency rooms each year for different types of injuries relating to sporting activities. Fatigue and overuse of a body part are the main reasons for these types of injuries, though poor training methods, inadequate warm up and lack of conditioning are also contributory factors. Coping with sports injuries most often requires physical rehabilitation. Physical therapy helps rebuild strength and restore proper movement of the affected joint or muscle after injury.
Common Types of Sports Injuries
There are many kinds of sporting activities and each comes with its own risk of injury for the participant. Here are some of the most common sports injuries:
- Tennis elbow
- Swollen muscles
- Sprains and strains
- Shin splints
- Knee injuries
- Fractured bones, including vertebrae
- Dislocated joints
- Compartment syndrome
- Achilles tendon injuries
Benefits of Physical Therapy
Physical therapists develop a proper treatment program after evaluating the type and extent of the injury and the injured structure. The rehabilitation of an injured athlete is a specialized task and requires a careful evaluation on the part of the therapist as well as ongoing monitoring of the treatment. As each type of injury differs, the healing process will also vary. Based on each phase of healing, the physical therapist will incorporate a specific modality in the treatment plan.
Physical therapy programs can professional athletes in a number of ways. Different types of exercises help them regain their strength and range of motion post-injury. They can injured help athletes fully recover from issues such as back pain, knee pain, muscle pain, neck sprains, elbow pain, and joint dysfunction. Treatment modalities would include Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), ice or heat application, traction, massage and myofascial release, ultrasound, and injury prevention education. Such comprehensive treatment offer many important benefits
- Better pain management
- Improved strength and functioning
- Helps avoid re-injury
- Reduced recovery time
Leading multi-specialty healthcare centers offer specialized physical therapy programs to help people effectively manage injuries related to sports. Physical therapists at such centers work with a team of specialists that includes sports physicians, massage therapists and chiropractors to provide customized treatment plans to help individuals of all age groups resolve sports injuries.