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WRMSDs – Biomechanical Risk Factors and Treatment Strategies

WRMSDsMany people in Brooklyn, NY seek treatment for various types of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) caused by work-related repetitive overuse of the joints and soft tissues. Common WRMSDs include sprains, strains, tears, back pain and pain in other joints, swelling, inflammation, compression of nerves, and musculoskeletal injuries. They occur due to activities such as bending, climbing, twisting, lifting, crawling, reaching, pulling, repetition, poor posture alignment, and overexertion.

While leading health care centers that provide rehabilitation services in NYC provide effective treatment for WRMSDs, people in jobs that stress the joints and soft tissues need to be aware about the biomechanical risk factors for these injuries. In an article in EHS Today, a certified professional ergonomist lists the physical and biomechanical risk factors for work-related joint and soft tissue injuries as follows:

  • Neck: Awkward neck postures and general heavy physical work such as frequent lifting
  • Low back: Heavy lifting and forceful exertions, repetitive lifting, excessive stretching, stooping and prolonged standing
  • Upper limbs: Heavy physical work, forceful exertions, awkward postures, repetition and extended computer mouse use lead to upper limb (shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm, wrist and hand) injuries such as tendinitis, lateral epicondylitis and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
  • Shoulder: Physically tiring work, heavy pushing and pulling, and repetitive tool use can influence shoulder injuries
  • Elbow/forearm: Sustained grasping postures, forceful exertions, repetitive arm and wrist motions, prolonged computer mouse use and other repetitive work
  • Wrist/hand: Risk factors include frequent awkward postures such as wrist flexion and extension, forceful exertions, heavy physical work, and prolonged computer mouse use
  • Lower limb: Repetitive stair climbing, repetitive heavy lifting, and prolonged kneeling or squatting

According to experts, certain risk factors such as forceful exertion and awkward postures tend to have a bigger role in the development of MSDs. That’s why every organization needs to have a good ergonomics training program to teach employees how to properly use equipment as well as the appropriate way to perform job tasks.

The common symptoms of WRMSDs are pain, numbness and/or tingling of the fingers, wrists, elbows, forearms, and/or shoulders, and loss of touch and grip. The first approach to treatment is to avoid the activities causing the injury. In an established Brooklyn pain management center, work-related musculoskeletal disorders are treated using safe and effective non-surgical strategies such as:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication
  • Pain injections
  • Physical therapy
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
  • Chiropractic care
  • Cold compression therapy
  • Non-surgical spinal decompression
  • Radiofrequency radio ablation
  • Massage therapy
  • Rehabilitation exercises

Early diagnosis and proper treatment is necessary to prevent WRMSDs from getting worse and causing prolonged disability.

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