Athletes and those mostly involved in outdoor games and activities often complain about sharp pain in their heels, especially when they place their first few footsteps early morning. This is the major symptom of plantar fasciitis or heel pain syndrome. The pain may gradually lessen as you walk around or do a few stretches. Wondering why this pain occurs only in the morning? This is caused when the tendons at the bottom of your feet gets too tight at night and the fascia may gain new tears in the morning, causing intense pain.
How It Occurs
The middle of the heel or the bottom of the foot are the main areas where the pain is experienced, especially when walking or standing. This is because the ligaments which support the arch are strained. Moreover, such repeated strain may cause tiny tears in the ligament, resulting in pain and swelling.
Heel pain syndrome is mainly caused due to a sudden trauma in that area or gradual degeneration of the plantar fascia. (Plantar Fascia is the thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes.)
Other causes are:
- Flat feet or high arched feet
- When your feet accidentally bend inward while walking
- Use of worn out or not rightly fitting shoes
- Achilles tendons or tight tendons at the back of the heel
- Walking, standing or running for a prolonged time
Who are Likely to be Affected
This is generally considered a sports-related condition. As mentioned earlier, runners are most likely to be affected. People who are overweight also generally complain about this condition. Ballet and dance aerobic performers, who experience a lot of stress on their heels, are another category of people who may develop this condition.
How Is It Diagnosed?
There are various methods used to diagnose the exact condition of heel pain. As the primary step, the physicians study your health history, and perform medical examination. So as to assess the root cause of your heel pain an X-Ray or MRI may be taken. Based on these diagnostic results, the physicians formulate the right treatment plans for you.
Conservative, non-surgical treatment methods are the best options for treating plantar fasciitis. Some among them are:
- Physical therapy exercises
- Chiropractic care
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Radiofrequency radio ablation
- Cold therapy
- Ice application
If you believe that you are affected with this condition, get in touch with a reliable pain management center that provides effective treatment for plantar fasciitis.