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Importance of Neurology in Healthcare

NeurologyAdvanced multispecialty rehabilitation centers in Brooklyn, New York City offer comprehensive neurological care. Neurology deals with the treatment of diseases affecting the nervous system. That includes the central as well as the peripheral nervous system. The spinal cord and the brain are the major organs of the nervous system. Neurology deals with not only the nerves, but also the coverings for the nerves, the blood vessels, muscles and tissues. Neurology and neuroscience are significantly connected, with the latter dealing with scientifically studying the nervous system.

Importance of Neurology

The nerves of our body are so important and integral to our daily life that they are taken for granted, until something goes wrong and we aren’t able to live and work as we used to. Nerves transmit signals from the brain to the organs of our body, making us do what we do at the appropriate time. Problems with the nervous system can significantly affect our quality of life, and is something a good deal of Americans is grappling with as the following stats reveal.

  • According to 2012 estimates of the Alzheimer’s Association (AA), 5.4 million Americans are affected by Alzheimer’s disease (AD), making it the 6th leading cause of death in the country. AA also predicts that AD will affect anywhere from 11 million to 16 million Americans by 2050, and a new case could then appear every 33 seconds.
  • Autism is another condition affecting the brain, but this one strikes kids. In 2012 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that 1 in 88 children in the US are affected by autism as well as Autism Spectrum Disorders.
  • Parkinson’s disease is a dreaded neurological disorder affecting elderly individuals, making them physically dependent and affecting their quality of life. A 2006 estimate of the US National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) reveals that there are 50,000 new Parkinson’s cases each year in the United States.
  • Epilepsy is a condition affecting the central nervous system, caused by unusual activity of some nerve cells in the brain. The CDC estimates that epilepsy is found in around 2.3 million adults in the United States, while over 467,000 kids have been diagnosed with it. Each year, nearly 150,000 Americans develop epilepsy.

Advanced Diagnostic Modalities Essential

Apart from the neurological conditions mentioned above, other disorders affecting the nervous system include stroke, multiple sclerosis, peripheral neuropathy, ataxia, myositis, movement disorders, etc. With a rising number of patients reporting with neurological problems, advanced multispecialty healthcare centers in New York have a separate department for neurology.

Neurological examination involves assessing sensory skills and motor skills as well as other capabilities. Tests include nerve and muscle biopsy, MRI scan, CAT scan, EEG, EMG/NCV, x-rays, cerebrospinal fluid sampling, lumbar puncture, etc. Effective treatment must be customized based on patient requirements, but it all depends on the right diagnosis since multiple conditions can have symptoms that are similar.

Effectiveness of treatment depends on the experience of the neurologists and the availability of advanced resources and diagnostic modalities. In leading multispecialty healthcare centers pain management specialists, physical therapists and chiropractors work with neurologists to ensure holistic treatment for the patient.

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