According to the Population Reference Bureau, the number of Americans ages 65 and older is projected to double from now and reach over 98 million by 2060. Census statistics show that in 2010, the elderly population 60 years and older living in New York City made up 17% of the City’s population. Aging poses a high risk of falls and injuries. Enrolling in a slip and fall prevention program in Brooklyn is a great option to minimize such risks.
Slips and falls are the main cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries and hospital admission among adults age 65 years and older. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than one in four older people fall each year and about 2.8 million older people are treated in emergency departments for fall injuries. Physical as well as environmental factors play a major role in causing geriatric slips and falls. Poor vision, weak muscles, unsteady gait and balance, dementia, and use of certain medicines such as tranquilizers, sedatives or antidepressants, fall in to the category of physical factors. Environmental factors are those that make the home environment unsafe such as slippery surfaces and poor lighting, broken or uneven steps, and loose throw rugs or clutter.
Elderly slips and falls are predictable and can be prevented by taking right measures and precautions. Slip and fall prevention programs are an important aspect in the prevention of disability as they ensuring the greatest possible functionality for elderly people.
In a professional NYC healthcare center, slip/fall prevention is a six-week program managed by geriatric care specialists, pain management physicians and orthopedists. The team will first identify the physical and environmental risk factors that the patient faces. Based on this assessment, they will develop a customized plan to modify the patient’s physical and environmental risks of falling.
- Fall Risk Assessment – A series of tests are conducted to evaluate patient’s muscular strength, balance, walking speed, step length, flexibility and cardiovascular fitness. This will include general health questions, tests of blood pressure and heart rate, balance and walking tests, and a knee and ankle strength test.
- Conditioning Program – This comprises Biodex Isokinetic testing and exercise to improve ankle and leg strength, dynamic balance testing and training to help maintain physical balance even under challenging conditions, and gait testing and training to manage walking speed and step length.
The program also involves building patient awareness about how to eliminate fall risk factors in their home and surroundings. The slip and fall prevention programs available in reliable healthcare centers in Brooklyn, NYC strictly adhere to the clinical practice guidelines of the American Geriatric Society.