Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the US. According to reports from the American Diabetes Association (2017 statistics), approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have type 1 diabetes. Higher blood glucose levels are associated with several health complications. Diabetic neuropathy is a common nerve disorder that affects up to half of all diabetic patients, which is why multispecialty healthcare care centers in Brooklyn, NYC offers effective treatment for this nerve disorder. A new study suggests that children and young adults with diabetes may have a seven fold increased risk of sudden cardiac death than those without diabetes.
The study (which was a preliminary research from Denmark) was one of the first of its kind to examine the main causes of death and cause-specific death rates among children and young adults with diabetes in a nationwide setting. The study results were presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians (being held from November 11 to 15 in Anaheim, California).
Generally, sudden cardiac death is defined as a sudden, unexpected death that occurs instantly or shortly soon after the main symptoms appear and is often caused by malfunctions in the heart’s electrical system. When compared to those people without diabetes, children and young adults aged 1-49 years with diabetes were eight times more likely to suffer death from any kind of heart disease such as heart failure or atherosclerosis (chronic narrowing of arteries), compared to children and young adults without diabetes. It is estimated that young adults with high blood sugar levels may be at increased risk for sudden cardiac death because of abnormalities in their blood vessels caused by the disease.
As part of the study, researchers analyzed individuals in Denmark aged 1 to 35 from 2000 to 2009 and individuals aged 36 to 49 from 2007 to 2009. During the study period, about 14,294 deaths occurred. Researchers used the Danish Register of Medicinal Product Statistics to identify individuals with either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. It was found that among the total deaths that occurred, about 5% of individuals had diabetes – of which 70% had Type 1 and 30% had Type 2 diabetes.
The above study results stress the importance and need for controlling diabetes in adults to prevent the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The National Statistics report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggests that about 30.3 million people in the US have diabetes. In most cases, living a sedentary or inactive lifestyle has been one of the top five risk factors for diabetes. Following an active lifestyle that gives due importance to exercises and a healthy diet will help in better diabetes management. For instance, younger adults aged 45 years and above are in the high risk zone. Regular exercise will help cut down body weight; reduce the risk of heart disease and lower blood sugar levels. In addition, it is important for such people to enrol in weight loss programs and go for preventive health check-ups to manage this condition effectively.
Researchers claim that among the leading causes of death in diabetic patients was cardiac disease – most common causes were coronary artery disease and sudden arrhythmic death syndrome. The study signifies that the higher risk of cardiac death among young diabetic patients may be due to certain abnormalities in their blood vessels caused by the disease. Researchers stress the importance of early and regular cardiovascular risk monitoring in children and young adults with diabetes.