Located in the pelvis and the leg, the femoral nerve helps the muscles move the hip and straighten the leg. It provides sensation to the front of the thigh and part of the lower leg. Femoral neuropathy or femoral nerve dysfunction refers to the loss of movement or sensation in parts of the legs due to damage of the nerves, specifically the femoral nerve. Pain management centers in Brooklyn, NYC offer effective treatment for the condition using conservative modalities.
Also known as diabetic amyotrophy or proximal neuropathy, femoral neuropathy is more common in people with Type2 diabetes and older adults. Damage to the femoral nerve can occur due to several factors namely –
- Prolonged pressure on the nerve or damage from disease
- Pelvic fracture
- A tumor or other growth blocking or trapping part of the nerve
- Radiation to the pelvis
- Hemorrhage or bleeding into the space behind the abdomen
- A catheter placed into the femoral artery in the groin
- Tight or heavy waist belts
Signs and Symptoms
People suffering from this nerve disorder may feel unusual sensations in their legs. These include –
- Numbness and tingling sensation in any part of the leg
- Lower extremity muscle weakness
- Dull pain in the genital region
- Difficulty extending the knee
Diagnosing and Treating Femoral Nerve Dysfunction
In order to diagnose femoral neuropathy, pain management doctors will perform a detailed physical examination and ask questions about previous medical history as well as recent injuries or surgeries. They will test specific muscles and check for muscle reflexes. Additional diagnostic imaging tests such as CT scans, MRI scan, Electromyography (EMG), Nerve conduction studies may be recommended to identify the root cause. Based on this evaluation, they will develop a personalized treatment plan to address the pain and improve mobility.
Multispecialty healthcare centers in Brooklyn provide effective treatment for femoral neuropathy using a wide range of conservative modalities:
- Physical Therapy – Physical therapy exercises help build strength and restore the nerves in the leg. Stretching and strengthening exercises can reduce pain and restore mobility.
- Medications – Corticosteroid injections in the leg helps reduce inflammation and any swelling. Diabetic neuropathy pain can also be managed with medications such as tricyclic antidepressants and narcotic pain medication.
- Chiropractic care – Chiropractic treatment helps correct misalignment in the spine. It addresses the nerve symptoms by enhancing communication among the components of the central nervous system.
Tips to Prevent Femoral Nerve Pain
If you are diabetic, keep your blood sugar under control to prevent the condition from occurring in the first place. Other tips to prevent femoral pain:
- Modify your daily activities as required.
- Avoid standing or sitting for long periods of time.
- Wear a support brace if recommended.
- Take nutritional supplements that help rebuild disc cartilage.
- Do exercises that strengthen spine.
- Sleep on a supportive mattress.