Chronic knee pain can affect a person’s ability to perform daily activities and quality of life. Causes of knee pain include injury such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage, overuse, mechanical problems, arthritis, and tumors. The nature and severity of the pain can vary depending on the cause of the problem. Common signs and symptoms include – swelling and stiffness, weakness or instability, popping or crunching noises and inability to fully straighten the knee. Chronic knee pain requires proper treatment. Leading pain management centers in Brooklyn, New York offer various customized treatment to improve symptoms. This includes physical therapy, a highly effective option for knee pain.
Physical therapy can reduce the pain and stiffness and also help prevent the loss of movement associated with severe health conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, pseudo gout and septic arthritis or infectious arthritis. Early treatment can prevent the pain from becoming chronic pain and reduce the chances of severe joint pain.
Professional Brooklyn pain management centers have dedicated physical therapists who work with other healthcare professionals to diagnose and treat patients. The physical therapist will first evaluate the condition of your knees and gather complete information including medical history, what activities cause more pain, knee strength, range of motion and swelling in and around the knee joints. Based on this evaluation, the physical therapist will develop a treatment plan suit individual goals and functional abilities. Physical therapy programs usually include the following techniques:
- Exercise – A combination of stretching, strengthening, isometric and aerobic exercises can increase muscle strength and flexibility, and improve joint mobility. Exercise programs may include walking, swimming, stationary training, use of elliptical machines, and water aerobics.
- Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) – TENS uses low voltage electrical currents to improve the body’s production of endorphins or natural pain killers to relieve chronic pain.
- Ice or heat compression – Ice packs lower muscle spasm and joint inflammation whereas heat application provides relaxation to muscles.
- Ultrasound – Ultrasound waves treat soft tissue injuries by blocking the pain messages sent to your brain.
Chronic knee pain can be debilitating, but performing physical therapy exercises can provide relief. The goal of physical therapy is to eliminate current pain and to teach you how to avoid injuries and future pain, so that you gain optimal use of your knee. Managing the symptoms of knee problems needs a systematic approach. Incorporating positive lifestyle changes along with effective treatment will help you better manage your pain.