Scoliosis is the abnormal curvature of the spine. The condition generally occurs due to congenital or degenerative problems and can affect people of all age groups including children, teenagers and adults. It can affect any part of the spine, but the most common regions are the chest area in the thoracic and thoracic-lumbar regions. Scoliosis can be caused by neuromuscular conditions (cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy), birth defects (affecting the development of the bones of the spine) or injuries or infections of the spine. Early diagnosis is important for early intervention to correct the curvature of the spine. Back pain is one of the earliest signs of scoliosis. Leading pain management centers in Brooklyn, NYC offer nonsurgical modalities to help patients diagnosed with degenerative scoliosis or lumbar scoliosis.
In most cases, scoliosis appears in children aged between 10-12 years. It is more common among girls than boys. Children often develop spine deformities that continue to get more severe as they grow. Severe scoliosis can reduce the amount of space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly. Common signs and symptoms associated with the spinal condition include –
- One shoulder blade that appears more prominent than the other
- One hip higher than the other
- Uneven shoulders
- Leg and hip pain
- Knee pain
- Difficulty in breathing
- Chronic fatigue and future spinal kyphosis (widow’s hump)
- Back pain
- A tendency to lean to one side
The potential risk factors associated with this condition are age, family history and sex. If not diagnosed and treated early, scoliosis can cause debilitating back problems and even lung and heart damage.
Leading healthcare centers in Brooklyn offer a wide range of treatment modalities for scoliosis pain. The type of treatment recommended would depend on factors such as the patient’s age, severity of the curve, intensity of symptoms, and location of symptoms. The treatment modalities available include –
- Physical therapy – Physical therapy exercise can help strengthen the muscles, improve flexibility, and lessen pain in the region around the back. These exercises would include strengthening, stretching and aerobic exercises that build strength and restore normal spine function, improve body posture, and range of motion.
- Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) – TENS involves delivering low voltage electric impulses to the affected area, which will interact with the sensory nervous system to block or reduce muscle spasm and aches.
- Chiropractic care – Chiropractic therapy helps restore joint mobility and provides relief from pain without the need for medication or surgery. This spinal manipulation technique is very effective for treating various musculoskeletal conditions.
- Game Ready Cold Therapy system – This computer-controlled modality is used to administer cold therapy and intermittent compression for all types of injuries and orthopedic surgery rehabilitation. Game Ready flexible wraps are designed to fit comfortably and target cold therapy to the affected area with intermittent pneumatic compression.
Coping with scoliosis requires a systematic approach towards life. Maintaining a healthy weight with proper diet and regular exercise can alleviate the symptoms of scoliosis. In addition, getting the right treatment when symptoms get worsecan go a long way in helping you lead an active and productive life.