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Knee Injections – An Effective Option for Knee Osteoarthritis

Chronic knee pain treatment is among the most common services offered by multispecialty healthcare centers in Brooklyn, NYC.

Knee InjectionsChronic knee pain affects 100 million Americans. More women than men report knee pain, with around 20% of women having the condition. About 15% to 20% of men also suffer from some kind of knee pain.

The knee is one of the most important joints in the body. It facilitates movement, ensuring smooth articulation between the thigh and lower leg. The knee takes a lot of stress, bearing the entire weight of the body and also functioning as a shock absorber for the body. As a result, it can be subject to wear and tear and conditions such as arthritis. Knee pain can affect people of all ages. It’s important to get your knees checked if you have pain. While mild to moderate conditions usually resolve with oral medications, chronic knee pain may require invasive treatment. Orthopedists usually recommend knee injections before recommending knee surgery.

Common Causes of Knee Pain

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition affecting joints, particularly the knee. Ligament injuries, cartilage injuries, patellar tendonitis, kneecap dislocation, and injury such as a fall or an automobile accident can also cause knee damage and pain.

Acute Knee Pain

When knee pain strikes, first use homemade procedures such as icing your knee for 20 minutes thrice a day and resting it. You can also use OTC pain relievers such as sprays or ointments. While lying down, keep the knee in a raised position on pillows. Compressing the knee with elastic bandage also helps. Do this for a week. However, if the knee pain is severe enough for you to get really worried, see your doctor. This is particularly important if you cannot put weight on your knee, find the knee to be hot and red, or feel feverish or sick. This could be an indication of infection or fracture. All these are symptoms of acute pain – knee pain caused by accident or injury.

Chronic Knee Pain

Let’s move to chronic conditions. These usually come with age, but you really don’t need to be old to experience chronic pain. Physical exercise and any previous injuries you’ve incurred could also cause pain. Depending on what the root cause of your chronic pain is, the symptoms vary from just a dull discomfort or constant pain to a sharp, shooting pain when you use your knee.
In any case, you need to get your knee checked immediately. CT scan, MRI, physical examination, etc., are the methods of diagnosis. In some cases, blood test might also be taken to determine the cause of the pain.

Osteoarthritis

In the case of osteoarthritis, there is a breakdown of the cartilage, particularly hyaluronic acid, a natural substance that forms part of the cartilage and helps lubricate and cushion the joint. The breakdown of cartilage would cause the bones to rub against each other, resulting in stiffness, pain and swelling.

The knee joint has three articulating bones coming together – the thigh bone also known as the femur, the tibia or shine bone, and the patella or knee cap. The ligaments and cartilage hold these bones together. The continuous discomfort caused by the lack of adequate lubrication of the cartilage can usually be treated only by knee replacement. But that surgical option can be delayed with knee injections.

Hyaluronic Acid Injection

Gel injections or hyaluronic acid supplements are common options for knee pain injections. The treatment involves injecting hyaluronic acid directly into the knee joint to supplement the quantities of this acid naturally present the body.

Depending on the treatment option, you could receive a single injection or an injection every week for up to 5 weeks or less. There could be side effects such as itching, rashes, blistering, burning, bleeding or nausea. If these side effects are severe, the injection is discontinued.

Orthovisc

Orthovisc is an FDA-approved, hyaluronic acid injection that is quite effective in restoring the hyraluronan in the knee joint. Derived from bacterial cells, Orthovisc is injected through 3 to 4 intra-articular injections administered one week apart. Results last for 26 weeks and it provides significant reduction in pain while contributing to improved functionality.

Monovisc

This treatment only involves a single hyaluronic acid injection. Like Orthovisc, Monovisc is a non-animal sourced hyaluronic acid. Monovisc helps the synovial fluid to better protect and lubricate the knee. There have been no pseudoseptic reactions confirmed at the injection site. Monovisc can provide effective relief for OA knee pain for up to 6 months.

Corticosteroid Injection

Corticosteroid injections are a group of medications that are related to the cortisone steroid. They mimic the effects of cortisol produced naturally by the adrenal glands. Corticosteroids can help reduce inflammation while impacting immune system. The latter fact can particularly help in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis where the immune system attacks healthy tissues mistakenly.

With the injection, corticosteroid gets quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, providing quick relief from inflammation. The benefits of the injection could last for up to 6 months, depending on the particular condition of the pain.

Advanced healthcare and pain management centers in Brooklyn, NYC offer effective options for knee pain, including joint injection drug treatments. Pain management doctors will recommend the right option based on a proper evaluation of your condition.

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