Back pain is one of the single leading causes of disability and affects people of all age groups. The condition can have an effect on the way you engage in work as well as other everyday activities. In most cases, back pain resolves without surgery. In fact, back pain treatment in Brooklyn NYC involves the use of various nonsurgical modalities to address the immediate symptoms, and reduce the pain, stiffness and other related concerns.
Back pain is caused by many factors such as muscle or ligament strain, bulging or ruptured disks, arthritis, skeletal irregularities and osteoporosis. It can also be the result of incorrect body posture, lifting or moving heavy objects, sudden jolts such as car accidents, and abnormalities of organs. Back pain can range from mild to severe. Acute back pain occurs suddenly due to muscle spasm or a strain or tear in the muscles and ligaments,, and usually lasts no more than six weeks. On the other hand, chronic back pain is that which lasts more than three months and is caused by diseases, injuries or stresses to anatomic structures such as the bones, muscles, ligaments, joints, nerves or the spinal cord.
Nonsurgical Modalities for Back Pain
Initially, the diagnosis of back pain would begin with a detailed physical examination and assessment of symptoms. One of the prominent symptoms of back pain is an ache or pain anywhere in the back, and sometimes all the way down to the buttocks and legs. Other symptoms include –
- Weakness in the legs and feet
- Tingling or burning sensations
- Pain that worsens with bending, lifting, standing or walking
- Pain in the leg, hip, or the bottom of the foot
- A dull achy feeling or sharp pain
After evaluating the symptoms, your physician will examine your back and assess your ability to sit, stand, walk and lift your legs. These assessments help determine where the pain comes from, how much you can move before pain forces you to stop, and whether you have muscle spasms. Diagnostic imaging tests such as X-ray, MRI scan, nerve studies, and bone scans may be conducted to evaluate the condition of the soft tissues in the area.
Leading multispecialty healthcare centers in Brooklyn, NYC have a special team of pain management doctors on board who coordinate and provide effective low back pain treatment. Physiotherapists, neurologists, orthopedists, chiropractors and other physicians work as a team to identify the root causes of pain. They then develop and implement a customized treatment plan on that basis. Treatment modalities include –
- Physical therapy: This treatment consists of therapeutic exercise programs such as general strengthening, stretching and aerobic exercises that help to improve normal function and movement of joints. These exercises also help support the spine and its joints including the muscles, ligaments and tendons. At multispecialty Brooklyn healthcare center, they will combine physiology with exercises and applies these principles to the body when an injury is sustained.
- Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS): This non-pharmacologic, noninvasive therapy utilizes low-voltage electrical current to reduce muscle stiffness and pain and also and stimulate blood flow in the affected area.
- Heat/Ice Application: A simple, least expensive and most effective methods of pain relief. Heat application relaxes and soothes the muscles and heals the injured tissue whereas cold therapy lowers blood flow to the affected area, thereby reducing swelling, inflammation and pain.
- Radiofrequency ablation: An electrical current produced by a radio wave is used to heat up a small area of nerve tissue, thereby decreasing pain signals from that specific area.
- Epidural steroid injections: This injection, nerve ablations and other types of injection-based procedures deliver steroids into the joints, muscles, ligaments or around nerves to reduce inflammation.
- Chiropractic treatment: This treatment involves spinal manipulation using the hands or a special instrument to reduce pain and restore mobility. Chiropractic treatment involves the application of a specific controlled force to realign the spine as it reduces pressure on pinched nerves, improves the flexibility of the spine, and reduces pain.
- Pain medications: Medications such as ibuprofen, naproxen, acetaminophen, and muscle relaxants may be prescribed to alleviate back pain. Patients should use these medications only as directed by their pain management doctor, as overuse can lead to serious side effects.
You should never make hasty treatment decisions until the root cause of the pain is identified. In a professional Brooklyn healthcare center, a team of healthcare experts from various fields will work together to detect the origin of the pain and provide customized treatment.
Following a healthy lifestyle can help protect your spine and prevent back pain. Strategies that can keep your back strong include learning and practicing proper body mechanics, practicing regular low-impact aerobic activities, maintaining good body posture, and maintaining a healthy weight.