Sciatica refers to the chronic pain that occurs due to the compression or irritation of sciatic nerve. The pain radiates along the path of this nerve, which branches from the lower back through the hips and buttocks and down each leg. Regarded as one of the most common causes for low back and leg pain, sciatica primarily affects people between the age group of 30-50 years. Leading pain management and rehabilitation centers based in Brooklyn, NYC offer effective treatment to address the symptoms of the condition, and restore function and mobility.
Typically, sciatica affects only one side of the body. The pain can vary widely, from a mild ache to a sharp, burning sensation or excruciating pain. Several conditions can irritate or compress the sciatic nerve, such as a herniated disk, bone overgrowth on vertebrae, piriformis syndrome, trauma, osteoarthritis, stenosis and spondylolisthesis. The potential risk factors include age, obesity, prolonged sitting and diabetes.
One main symptoms associated with sciatica is shooting pain anywhere along the sciatic nerve; from the lower back, through the buttock, and down the back of either leg. Other symptoms include –
- Numbness in the leg along the nerve
- Tingling sensation in the feet and toes
- Debilitating pain
- Cramping and weakness in the muscles of the involved leg
This pain can range in severity and may be aggravated by sitting for long periods.
Sciatica Pain Treatment Options
At a reliable pain management and rehabilitation center in Brooklyn, NYC, patients are provided with a combination of nonsurgical treatment options to relieve the pain and other symptoms associated with the condition. Treatment modalities include –
- Physical therapy – A physical therapy program incorporates therapeutic exercises like gentle strengthening, stretching, and aerobic exercises that help build up or strengthen muscles and alleviate pain and stiffness associated with the condition.
- Epidural steroid injections – Injections of corticosteroid medication into the area surrounding the nerve root will suppress inflammation and relieve pain.
- Spinal decompression therapy – This novel traction-based treatment decompresses the discs in the spine, removing the pressure on the affected nerves and stressed spine. It works by creating a vacuum force within the spinal discs, which reshapes the discs and restores normal functioning.
- Pain medications – Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxen, and oral steroids can reduce sciatica pain.
- Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) – This non-invasive therapy utilizes low-voltage electrical current to reduce muscle stiffness and pain and also and stimulate blood flow in the affected area.
- Chiropractic care – Chiropractic treatment involves the application of a specific controlled force to realign the spine as it reduces pressure on pinched nerves, improves the flexibility of the spine, and reduces pain. This treatment involves spinal manipulation using the hands or a special instrument to reduce pain and restore mobility.
With proper rest, sciatica may heal on its own over time. Maintaining proper posture and following healthy habits can also help. However, if the symptoms become severe and persistent, the best option is to get treatment at a professional healthcare center.