Most people don’t think about their shoulders much, until they suddenly experience pain in the area. The shoulder is one of the most flexible joints in the body and given the number of everyday activities it is involved in, pain in this area can significantly affect day-to-day activities and limit range of motion and function. Shoulder pain may be confined to one area or radiate to areas around the shoulder or down the arm. Leading multispecialty pain management centers in Brooklyn, NYC, offer nonsurgical shoulder pain treatment that can ease the discomfort and improve the flexibility of the joint.
Shoulder pain can occur due to injury, trauma, repetitive movement, strains, poor posture, falls and accidents, arthritis and degenerative conditions. In certain cases, problems in another part of the body such as neck, heart or lungs can also cause pain in the shoulder joint. Typical symptoms include inability to carry/hold objects or use the arm, swelling/bruising around the joints/arm, unusual twinges or aches in the shoulder area, pain that occurs while resting and signs of infections (like fever and redness). If left untreated, this condition can become chronic. Fortunately, shoulder pain can be effectively addressed without surgery. Here are the top nonsurgical shoulder pain treatment options:
- Anti-inflammatory medications – Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) help relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Over-the-counter drugs like – aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen not only provide temporary relief, but also prevent further damage to the shoulder muscles and joint.
- Physical therapy – In reliable healthcare centers, trained physical therapists work with physicians to diagnose and treat joint pain. Shoulder physical therapy programs include strengthening, stretching, aerobic and isometric exercises that help improve joint function, strength, and range of motion.
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) – TENS aims to lower or eliminate pain by means of a low-voltage electric stimulation that interacts with the sensory nervous system.
- Ice and heat application – Applying ice packs can reduce swelling and inflammation. A cold compression bandage or a regular ACE bandage may be used. Heat application using a heated gel pack, heating pad or a hot water bottle can relax tense muscles and soothe a stiff shoulder.
- Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) – RFA uses electrical current produced by a radiowave to heat up a small area of nerve tissue, thereby decreasing pain signals from the area.
Most people with shoulder pain respond well to these simple options and methods such as activity changes, rest, and physical therapy exercises. However, surgery may be recommended for recurring dislocations and some types of rotator cuff tears.