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Scoliosis – Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Scoliosis - Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Scoliosis is characterized by the sideways curvature of the spine. The condition usually develops during the growth spurt just before puberty. Scoliosis may be caused by hereditary factors, birth defects, neuromuscular conditions, and infections. It can affect any part of the spine, but the commonly affected regions are the chest area and lower back. Most people with scoliosis do not experience any pain or significant health problems, lead normal lives, and can easily perform most activities, including exercise and sports. People with scoliosis who are physically active are less likely to have symptoms. However, signs or symptoms of scoliosis call for medical attention. Reputable pain management and rehabilitation centers in Brooklyn offer customized treatment based on the severity of the condition.


This spinal condition can affect people of all age groups, but is commonly seen in children between the ages of 10 and 12. Scoliosis is more common in girls than in boys. A severe curve can reduce the total amount of space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly.

Severe scoliosis can be disabling and surgery may be needed to fix the abnormal curvature of the spine.

Scoliosis - Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosing this condition involves a detailed physical examination and analysis of the previous medical history. Physicians will perform neurological examination to check for muscle weakness, numbness and abnormal reflexes. Imaging tests such as x-rays and MRI may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis and assess the severity of the spinal curvature.

The type of treatment recommended would depend on factors such as the patient’s age, severity of the curve, intensity of symptoms, and location of symptoms. In children with mild curves, physicians will recommend wearing a brace. Wearing a brace will not cure scoliosis or reverse the curve, but it usually prevents further progression of the curve. Spine stabilization surgery will only be recommended for patients whose condition causes pain that interferes with normal daily function and sometimes for people who have a severe cosmetic malformation.

Leading healthcare centers in Brooklyn offer effective nonsurgical treatment options for scoliosis:

  • Physical therapyPhysical therapy services in Brooklyn based pain management centers involves therapeutic programs to strengthen the muscles, improve flexibility, and alleviate pain in the region around the back. Strengthening and stretching exercises build strength and restore normal spine function, improve posture, and range of motion.
  • Chiropractic careChiropractic treatment involves spinal manipulation to help restore joint mobility and provide pain relief. It can also help correct overall spinal alignment.
  • Trans cutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) – Low voltage electric impulses delivered to the affected area will interact with the sensory nervous system to block or reduce muscle spasm and alleviate symptoms.
  • Game Ready Cold Therapy system – This computer-controlled modality is used to administer cold therapy and intermittent compression for all types of injuries and orthopedic surgery rehabilitation. Game Ready flexible wraps are designed to fit comfortably and target cold therapy to the affected area with intermittent pneumatic compression.

In people who are overweight, enrolling in a weight loss program can be helpful to reduce scoliosis symptoms. Maintaining good posture when standing, sitting and sleeping can help prevent pain and muscle weakness.

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