As a form of aerobic and cardio exercise, running provides diverse benefits such as reducing stress, improving heart health, and even alleviating symptoms of depression. However, running is also associated with a high risk of injury; some injuries are traumatic and most are due to overuse of muscles and joints. UpToDate highlights certain reports which say that among marathon runners, men report more hamstring and calf problems, whereas women report more hip complaints.
Such injuries and concerns associated with the strains of running can be treated at a professional pain management center in Brooklyn that has a proper team of physicians, chiropractors, and physiotherapists in place.
Even if running is performed correctly, there is an enormous amount of stress that the body must endure. Running injuries can occur if you –
- push yourself too hard
- increase the distance too fast
- didn’t stretch before and after running, and
- fail to wear supportive running shoes
The most common running injuries include runner’s knee (patellofemoral pain syndrome), shin splints, stress fracture, plantar fasciitis, and achilles tendinopathy. Structural, soft tissue, muscle strength and muscle flexibility imbalances can lead to such injuries. Runners may also experience calf pain in the form of strains, which can range from mild stretching or complete tearing of a muscle, or cramps, which occur when a muscle is stuck in a state of contraction.
Treatment often begins with a physical examination. Examination of the injured runner includes assessment not only of the injured area but of all related structures. The musculoskeletal assessment includes a breakdown of how you stand and bear weight, the foot’s arch, as well as focusing on knee and hip alignment. After an examination if there is any indication of injury (swelling, reduced range of motion or mobility), there are a variety of treatment options that can be employed.
These may include an assortment of hands-on procedures such as
- Active release technique (a combination of massage and stretching while applying deep tension on the muscle as it is moved through range of motion)
- Graston technique (focused on releasing adhesion located in the surface tissue level)
- Physical therapy techniques such as electric muscle stimulation, Pilates, stability balls, resistance bands or foam rollers may be utilized
Proper diet and nutrition is also crucial to prevent any running strains and injuries. It is important to consume the right balance of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats 30 to 60 minutes prior to running. Proper hydration is also important.
Professional healthcare centers also provide Foot Levelers Functional Orthotics soles that can be slipped into any closed footwear you may be wearing while running. Such soles provide proper balance to the feet to help correct increased Q-Angle, and protection against over pronation when the feet go into motion, while preserving the body’s optimal foot-spine connection.