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Balance Issues after Head Injury

Accurate Diagnosis and
Effective Treatment

Balance Issues after Head Injury

Many people suffer from dizziness and problems with balance after a head injury. They lose the ability to keep the body centered over the feet. At HealthQuest, neurologists, rehabilitation doctors, orthopedic specialists, physical therapists, and other health care professionals are involved in diagnosing and treating balance issues following head trauma. We provide individualized head injury treatment based on each patient’s problems with the goal to address contributory factors and improve functional abilities.


The common causes of dizziness or vertigo after traumatic brain injury (TBI) are:

  • Injury to the vestibular system, the inner region of the ear
  • Medications taken to manage TBI-related medical problems
  • Drop in blood pressure
  • Vision problems

Symptoms of Balance Disorders

Balance disorders following traumatic brain injury (TBI) are caused by a drop in blood pressure and vision problems. The symptoms of balance disorders include:

  • Vertigo and dizziness
  • Staggering attempting to walk
  • Wobbling when trying to stand up
  • Feelings of unsteadiness
  • Vertigo or a spinning sensation
  • Feeling faint or lightheaded
  • Blurring of vision
  • Disorientation or confusion

The extent of the problem will depend on how serious the head injury is, the region of the brain that was injured, and other associated injuries.


The rehabilitation team at our multispecialty center in Brooklyn, New York, will work with you to assess the symptoms of your balance disorder and your balance abilities. Diagnosis will involve a thorough medical examination by specialists in various fields and a review of medications taken. Tests such as a CT scan, MRI scan or EEG reading may be performed. Assessing your balance problems will also involve several standardized as well as specific tests and questionnaires.

Customized Treatment

The ability to maintain balance is determined factors such as physical strength and coordination, the senses, and cognitive or thinking ability. Therefore, we provide treatment to address all of these issues, based on the patient’s specific needs. The treatment options we offer include:

  • Physical therapy exercises to increase strength and flexibility
  • Adaptation exercises to improve nervous system function
  • Vestibular rehabilitation to help the brain to minimize dizziness symptoms caused by inner ear problems
  • Balance recovery strategies
  • Anti-vertigo or anti-dizziness medication
  • Physical aids such as braces, splints, and orthotics
  • Treatment to lower blood pressure and cholesterol
  • Advice on environmental modifications, fall prevention, and coping strategies

To learn more about our therapies for balance problems associated with head injury, call 718-769-2521 or send an email to